Irpin (Ukrainian: Ірпі́нь), or Irpen (Russian: Ирпе́нь) is a city located on the Irpin River in Kiev Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Population: 42,924 (2013 est.) From 2003, the “Irpen Film Festival” for alternative cinematography takes place every year. The city has a railway station, built in 1899. Irpin was first founded in 1899, during construction of the Kiev—Kovel railway line. Railway workers founded the town near the railway road along with other localities such as Bucha and Vorzel. The city’s name (along with the city of Vorzel) was chosen due to its location on the Irpin River. From July 26, 1941, right after the Battle of Kiev, it was occupied by the Wehrmacht until early February 1944. Most of its Jewish population was killed in either Babi Yar or other massacres. In 1956, Irpin’s status was changed to that of a “city of raion (district) subordination,” subordinate to the Kiev-Sviatoshyn Raion (district). On December 30, 1962, the Presidium of the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR issued a decree changing the status of Irpin to that of a “city of oblast subordination,” thus being directly subordinate to the oblast authorities rather than the city administration housed within the city. Also mentioned within the decree were the inclusion of the urban-type settlements of Bucha (a city since 2007), Vorzel, Hostomel, and Kotsiubynske within the city limits. There are 22 industrial manufacturers operating in the Irpin region. The city has close to one thousand enterprises of various forms of ownership. The agricultural sector of Irpin provides the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, with potatoes and other vegetables. The city is also a health resort area known for its recreational facilities. Hotels: 3-star averaging €30 per night. Distance from Irpin to Kiev is just 21 kilometers.